Collapse of communism in the Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union



Kim made an Eastern European trip in 1988 visiting Eastern Block countries by train, including his special friends Erich Honecker of East Germany and Nicolae Ceasescu of Romania (above) all of which were deposed or killed a short time later. After the fall of North Korea's closest ally, East Germany, there was intense speculation the Kim Il Sung and his regime would be the next to fall. Gorachev in desperate economic straights,opened trade talks with South Korea and were attracted to the South Korean model of economic development.


 Kim Il Sung visits East Germany


In 1991 the Soviet Union established full diplomatic relations with South Korea. The Soviet Union demanded hard currency for its exports to North Korea, and energy exports dropped 75% with dire consequences for the North Korean economy. China likewise stopped providing discounted petroleum. However, North Koreans were undaunted by these great setbacks and were convinced that the collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe showed the correctness of juche. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, North Korea's economy collapsed, leading to widespread poverty and famine.



 North Korean news footage from 1994 . Kim Il Sung meets Han Duk Su (,Han Duk Su, chairman of the Central Standing Committee of the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan (CHONGRYUN) and a deputy to the Supreme People's Assembly of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and a Labor Hero of the DPRK) , composer Isang Yun (1917-1995) and Jimmy Carter . Jimmy Carter, 39 th President of the United States, visited the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in mid-June 1994 to meet Kim Il Sung to persuade Kim Il Sung to negotiate with the Clinton administration over its nuclear program.


 Communism The Collapse


  Rangoon Bombing

Seoul Olympics

KAL 858 Bombing   

 The 1980s


 The Death of Kim Il Sung 

and Succession of Kim Jong Il